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Delivering The Data You Need

Our well-intel division specializes in acquiring the surface data you need, when and where you need it - from project production to completion to abandonment.

Choosing the right well-intel provider is key to making sure you have the accurate, dependable data you need to make smarter decisions, saving you time and money. From real-time data monitoring (ensuring you’re always on top of project status) to all the necessary testing and accurate reporting, we’re here to help you monitor performance and uncover the most cost-effective solutions for your business.

Our Team of Experts

The Bonnetts Well-Intel division is supported by a specialised, skilled team. Our technicians are highly knowledgeable in well-intel services and are equipped with cutting-edge equipment, allowing them to work quickly and efficiently.

Bonnetts Well-Intel Workers at jobsite

We’re committed to getting the job done right the first time, with quick report turnover. After all, we understand time is money.

We offer a full suite of well-intel services and surface data solutions, available throughout the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin - from our home in Grande Prairie, Alberta and beyond. From completion and production to regulatory services - we’ve got you covered.

Ready to access the intel you need? Let’s get it done - contact us today.

Our Services

Services


Completion Services

Real-time Data Monitoring

The Alberta Energy Regulator (AER) requires companies to monitor adjacent wells when fracturing. Our offset well monitoring solutions allow you to capture real-time data for wells adjacent to a well undergoing fracture treatments, DFITS or perforation inflow.

We use Calscan surface gauges and MRL realtime units to record and stream, so you can monitor your wells second-by-second. All readings are available in a single, convenient location - our Realtime Portal - which can be access via computer, smartphone or tablet, so you have the data you need when and where you need it.

Diagnostic Fracture Injection Test (DFIT)

Our DFIT solutions offer high resolution, high frequency data for high pressure fluid frac jobs. Data is transmitted in real-time (or can be stored for future use) with analysis reports provided.

Worker servicing well equipment

Production Services

Fluid Levels:

Fluid levels in producing wells can be determined using acoustics. Acoustical tests can be done on oil or gas wells, whether pumping or flowing, in casing or tubing.

An accurate fluid level can be used to determine:

  • The liquid level in an annulus
  • Operating changes
  • Bottom-hole pressure

Dynamometer Testing and Analysis:

Dynamometer tests help increase efficiencies and production, lower operating costs, and mitigate the risk of equipment failure. Our technicians conduct, review and analyze tests, allowing them to make recommendations on how you can optimize your production. We offer the following forms of tests:

  • Standing & travelling valve checks
  • Counter balance checks
  • Pump fillage with pump card
  • Annular fluid shots
  • Testing of tubing/casing pressures
Worker servicing well equipment

Additional Production Services

In addition, we can provide Static Bottom Hole Pressure Calculations (pressure surveys) and annual Acoustic Well Sounder tests.

Annual Acoustic Well Sounder (AWS):

  • Meets AER and BC Oil and Gas Commission (OGC) directives and requirements
  • Acoustic build ups
  • Calculations, reports and PAS files

Regulatory

Surface Casing and Tank Vent Tests

Complete testing of your surface casing vent (including flow rate, build up and a bubble test). Reports are prepared in AER or OGC forms and validated for client submission.

Packer Isolation Tests:

Annual pressure testing of packer integrity for AER and OGC compliance. All results are prepared in a report based on AER Case 1, 2 or 3 criteria.

Suspended Well Inspections:

Including pressure testing to AER and OGC directives.

AB AER:
  • ID2003-01: Isolation Packer, Surface Casing Vent Flow
  • Directive 60: Upstream Petroleum Industry Flaring,Incinerating and Venting
  • Directive 013: Suspension Requirements for Wells

OGC - Well Completion, Maintenance and Abandonment Guideline.

Worker servicing oil pump valves

Kinley Cutters

Kinley Cutter with Roller Attachment

The Kinley "Sandline Cutter" cuts stuck lines or cables in almost any size of pipe (from coiled tubing to casing) and any line size (from slicklines and e-lines to 1-1/8" O.D. anchor lines).

This technology has successfully been used in cuts as deep as 20,000 feet (more than 6,000 meters) in situations involving a range of line types, including some small coiled tubing under certain conditions. An Electronic Time Delay Cable Cutter is also available for use in deviated wells or in wells where mud, sand, kinks and other obstructions can be obstacles.

How does it work? A Bonnetts operator will attach the Kinley Cutter to your line before sending a drop weight down after it. This sets off the propellant charge, forcing the knife to cut the line. Both the cutter and drop weight have a fishneck for easy recovery.

This solution allows you to save the line in a single piece, at a cost that is typically offset by the value of the saved line. It also saves you time when compared to alternative solutions, with each job taking only a couple of hours.

For further information, please contact us at 1-888-843-3833.

Equipment


Echometer Digital Well Analyzer

The Well Analyzer is an integrated artificial lift data acquisition and diagnostic system that allows an operator to maximize oil and gas production and minimize operating expense. Well productivity, reservoir pressure, overall efficiency, equipment loading and well performance are derived from the combination of measurements of surface pressure, acoustic liquid level, dynamometer, power and pressure transient response. This portable system is based on a precision analog to digital converter controlled by a notebook computer with Windows-based application. The Well Analyzer acquires, stores, processes, displays and manages the data at the well site to give an immediate analysis of the well’s operating condition.

Acoustic Liquid Level Tests

The Echometer Well Analyzer is used in conjunction with a gas gun/microphone assembly to determine the liquid level depth in a well. Normally, the liquid level depth is determined in the casing annulus, but also, the liquid level depth can be measured inside tubing in gas wells. An acoustic pulse is generated at the surface of the well. The acoustic pulse travels through the gas and is reflected by changes in area including tubing collars and the liquid level. The software automatically processes this acoustic data to determine liquid level depth. Concurrent with the acoustic liquid level depth measurement, an initial and twominute build-up casing pressure tests are performed. The casing pressure build-up measurement allows calculation of the casing annulus gas flow rate and the gradient of the gaseous liquid column if free gas is bubbling up through the liquid. Software calculates the producing bottomhole pressure, maximum production rates, pump intake pressure, casing annulus gas flow rate and other parameters. This single-shot acoustic liquid level depth test is displayed as shown so the operator can visualize and understand the performance of the well.

Pressure Transient Tester

The Well Analyzer can be used with special software to obtain pressure buildup data. The operator programs the Well Analyzer to acquire data at a specified rate in either shots per hour or shots per log time cycle. Advanced analog to digital converters, precision pressure sensors and reliable remote fire gas guns allow acquisition of accurate data, which is used to calculate bottomhole pressures. Numerous diagnostic and analysis plots are available including casing pressure vs. time, liquid level vs. time, bottomhole pressure vs. time, log-log with derivative, Horner plot and MDH plot. Real time viewing of the data insures that the wells are returned to production as soon as the test objectives have been reached.

Dynamometer Tests

A dynamometer analysis allows an operator to determine the loadings and performance of a beam pump system. Rod loadings, beam loadings, gear box loadings, pump performance and downhole gas separator performance can be determined. An easy-to-install compact polished rod transducer is attached to the polished rod below the carrier bar in a few seconds. The polished rod transducer offers safe and easy acquisition of load and position data with sufficient accuracy for most analysis. A quantitative horseshoe load cell that is installed between the carrier bar and the polished rod clamp allows the acquisition of load with precise accuracy. An accelerometer within the transducers provides a reliable technique to determine polished rod position. With both dynamometers, a surface dynamometer card and a downhole pump card are calculated and displayed. Traveling valve and standing valve tests can be performed. When using a horseshoe transducer, a permissible load diagram and torque analysis are available. A motor current sensor allows acquisition of motor current data with the dynamometer data for balancing and motor size and motor performance analysis.

Motor Power Analysis

A motor power/current sensor measures both power and current. The test is performed either as a stand alone test or simultaneously with dynamometer data acquisition. The power and current data is processed to determine electrical costs, overall electrical efficiency, gear box torque, power factor, motor loading and other electrical parameters. The minimum size motor is recommended. To balance a well, the operator simply inputs the weight of the counterweights to be moved and the program calculates the distance that the counter-weights should be moved. Electrical cost of operating the pumping system is calculated in terms of consumption and demand costs and expressed as $/bbl.

Plunger Lift Analysis

The Well Analyzer is used during the plunger lift cycle to continually acquire acoustic signals generated as the plunger travels in the tubing, plus acquire pressure signals from the tubing and casing. Key events such as plunger arrival at the liquid level in the tubing and plunger arrival at the bottom of the tubing are identified. The operator ensures that the plunger reaches the bottom of the tubing by the end of the shut-in time period and determines the proper shutin time for the plunger lift installation. Oil and gas production of a plunger lift installation can be maximized by determining the position and velocity of the plunger throughout the cycle and calculating gas and liquid flow rates into and out of the wellbore as a function of the measured pressures.

Gas Gun/Microphone Assemblies

The Echometer Well Analyzer can be used with a variety of gas guns/microphone assemblies. The gas gun generates an acoustic pulse which travels down the casing annulus gas and is reflected by collars and the liquid level. The reflected acoustic pulse is converted into an electrical signal by the gas gun microphone. A remote fire gas gun is normally supplied with the Well Analyzer and is necessary for unattended pressure transient data acquisition. A manual fire 1,500 PSI compact gas gun can be operated in the explosion or implosion mode. High pressure gas from the well can be released into the compact gas gun to create the initial pulse so that an external gas supply is not required. 5,000 and 15,000 PSI gas guns are available for high-pressure applications. Precision pressure transducers with a wide range of pressure ratings are available for use with the various gas guns.

Data Management

A complete well analysis is performed from the acquired data stored on the Well Analyzer laptop in conjunction with the well database. Graphical and text reports are generated and printed. The software can be freely downloaded from the web and installed on other computers as necessary.

Specifications and Dimensions

The Well Analyzer is a state-of-the-art instrument using sigma-delta analog to digital converters, precision sensors, shielded cables and user-friendly Windows software. The total weight of the complete Well Analyzer system is 75 lbs. (35Kg). The complete Well Analyzer system is shipped in two packages having approximate dimensions of 20” x 20” x 20” each. The instrument is compact, rugged and designed to be used in hot, cold, humid and dry conditions. Additional information about dimensions and weights can be supplied depending upon the particular options desired.

Gun-Microphone Assemblies

A Gun–Microphone assembly consists of a gun and a microphone together. A gun generates a pressure pulse. A microphone converts acoustic pressure pulses into an electrical signal. The gun and microphone are normally supplied together as a unit.

The gun generates a single pressure pulse which travels down the casing annulus and is reflected by collars and the liquid level. The reflected pressure waves deflect the microphone and generate an electrical signal. The electrical signal is fed either to the computerized Well Analyzer which automatically processes the signal or to an amplifier-recorder which amplifies, filters and records the signals on a strip chart, or in the case of the Model H, displays the data on a digital screen.

Two important factors must be considered when selecting the type of gas gun.

  1. The gun should generate a pressure pulse that results in the collars being counted as far down the well as possible.
  2. The gun must generate a pressure pulse of sufficient strength to cause the reflected pressure wave from the liquid level to be readily distinguishable. The reflected liquid level pressure wave is larger when the volume or pressure of gas discharged into the casing annulus is increased. On deep, slim hole, low pressure wells, the liquid level response may be weak unless a large initial pressure pulse is used.

Manually Operated Gas Guns

The Compact Gas Gun and the 5000 PSI Gas Gun are manually operated in either the explosion mode or the implosion mode. On low-pressure wells (less than 200 PSI), the gas gun is used in the explosion mode. The gas gun volume chamber is pressured above the casing pressure. Opening the gas valve results in a positive compression pressure wave being generated with travels down the casing annulus. On wells having over 200 PSI casing pressure, the gas gun can be operated in the implosion mode. Gas is rapidly released from the well into the gas gun volume chamber to generate a negative rarefaction pressure pulse. A compressed gas source is not needed in the implosion mode. Operating the Compact Gas Gun in the implosion mode is not recommended if pressurized gas is available at a pressure greater than the casing annulus pressure. The 5000 PSI Gas Gun is normally used only in the implosion mode. The 5000 PSI Gas Gun has an excellent noise canceling microphone and generates a good pressure pulse when the ½” ball valve is rapidly rotated 180 degrees and the well pressure exceeds 200 PSI. When the 5000 PSI Gas Gun becomes dirty due to debris, the volume chamber and microphone assembly can be flushed with a solvent to remove the debris. The 5000 PSI Gas Gun requires very little maintenance. It is excellent for gas lift, flowing, and high-pressure shut-in wells.

Remote Fire Gas Gun

A Remote Fire Gas Gun utilizes a high performance microphone having an excellent signal-to-noise ratio along with a 12 cubic inch volume chamber. A solenoid valve releases gas from the gas gun volume chamber into the well. The solenoid is operated from the Well Analyzer system or from a conventional 12 volt car-type battery. The Remote Fire Gas Gun cannot be operated in the implosion mode. The Remote Fire Gas Gun is required for unattended pressure transient data acquisition. The Remote Fire Gas Gun is normally supplied with a 1500 PSI pressure gauge and 1500 PSI pressure transducer. Thus, in this configuration, the Remote Fire Gas Gun is limited to 1500 PSI working pressure. For single shot analysis on a well exceeding 1500 PSI, a 5000 PSI implosion gun is recommended.

15,000 PSI Gas Gun

A High Pressure Gas Gun will operate up to 15,000 PSI with a test pressure of 30,000 PSI. The 15,000 PSI Gas Gun operates in the implosion mode only. The volume chamber in the gas gun is bled to a pressure less than the pressure existing on the well. The valve is manually opened to release gas from the well into the gas gun volume chamber to generate the pressure pulse. The microphone is not as sensitive or noise canceling as the microphone on the Compact Gas Gun, the Remote Fire Gas Gun or the 5000 PSI Gas Gun. Best performance will be obtained when the 15,000 PSI Gas Gun is used at pressure exceeding 1500 PSI but not exceeding 15,000 PSI. The gas gun is useful in determining liquid levels, bottomhole pressures, locating the liquid level of corrosion inhibitors, and locating other anomalies. Excellent results have been obtained at pressure above 1500 PSI (100 ATM) through 1/8” orifice needle valves which are standard on most high pressure wells. Minimum expense and trouble are involved in the use of this High Pressure Gas Gun.

Filling the Volume Chamber

Carbon dioxide or nitrogen gas is normally used with gas guns when operating in the explosion mode. Carbon dioxide is obtained from welding supply firms, fire extinguisher firms and soft drink preparation firms. The Compact Gas Gun and Remote Fire Gas Gun can be recharged from a CO2 cylinder furnished with the guns. A 5 lb or 2 ½ lb CO2 cylinder is available with a hose and quick connector to pressure up the guns. The bottles are generally filled from a stationary 50 lb siphon-type bottle located at a field office. Approximately 5000 tests can be obtained from the 50 lb bottle. A large amount of CO2 gas can be contained in relatively small cylinders. Carbon dioxide gas is commonly supplied in approved CO2 cylinders with the pressure in the cylinder being the vapor pressure of the carbon dioxide gas at the particular temperature of the carbon dioxide cylinder. The critical temperature is 88°F and the pressure in the bottle (if gas and liquid exist in the bottle) at 88°F will be 1070 PSIA. If the bottle contains liquid, the pressure is 650 PSI at 50°F, 300 PSI at 0°F, and 120 PSI at -50°F. As long as the temperature of the CO2 gas is high enough that the vapor pressure exceeds the well pressure, carbon dioxide gas is the most convenient gas to use for acoustic testing. If the well pressure exceeds the vapor pressure of carbon dioxide, then nitrogen gas is the most common gas to use for acoustic testing. Generally, nitrogen gas is supplied at 2200 PSI and the pressure is in excess of the needed pressure to charge the gas gun. A pressure regulator is commonly used to reduce the nitrogen pressure to charge the gas gun. A pressure regulator is commonly used to reduce the nitrogen pressure to a pressure satisfactory for charging the gas gun volume chamber. For example, if the maximum pressure on the wells to be tested is 500 PSI, the pressure regulator might be set for 750 PSI. When performing pressure transient testing, the well pressures are increasing. At night, the temperature may become cold and the vapor pressure of carbon dioxide gas may be below well pressure. This requires the use of nitrogen gas or some other gas, which has a pressure in excess of well pressure. An operator may prefer to use carbon dioxide for conventional well testing and use nitrogen bottles with a regulator when performing pressure transient testing.

General Information

5 lb CO2 gas cylinders are constructed of aluminum, have a test pressure of 3000 PSI, and a service pressure of 1800 PSI. Dimensions are 20” long by 5.25” O.D. Empty weight is 7.6 lbs. The gas valve has 0.965-14 NGO R.H. external thread. The 2 ½ lb cylinders are 14” long by 4.375” O.D. Empty weight is 4.6 lbs.

Nitrogen bottles are constructed of aluminum and have a test pressure of 3694 PSI and a service pressure of 2216 PSI. Dimensions are 42” long by 8” O.D. Weight is 43 lbs. Capacity is 115 cu. Ft. of N2 gas at 2216 PSI. The gas valve has 0.965114 NGO R.H. internal thread.

Pressure Regulators

A pressure regulator is available for use with the nitrogen gas cylinder, which will reduce the pressure to a preset level that can be set by the operator ranging from 50 to 1500 PSI. This can be used during single shot or pressure transient data acquisition.

Hawk 9000 Data Logger

The hawk 9000 isa reliable low power data logger with a suite of integrated sensors used to measure pressure, temperature and flow in hazardous locations.

Since the inception of the Hawk 2000, it has logged millions of hours in a variety of harsh testing environments such as the Canadian arctic and the world's deserts. These challenging conditions have provided the test bench for improving reliability and the continuous development of new and improved sensors and software capabilities. As a result, today this precision instrument can be configured to provide a multitiude of reliable measurement solutions.

Hawk 9000 Solutions

Surface Build Up Monitoring

By monitoring dry gas well build ups with a Hawk and using Cullender-Smith, the bottom hole pressure can be calculated. This is a much more cost effective alternative than using downhole guages.

DFIT and Offset Well Monitoring

The Hawk can monitor all of its sensors at the same time, including gas flow, at a one second sample rate for rapidly changing data. On a Diagnostic Fracture Injection Test (DFIT), quality of data is very important as a derivative analysis will be used. The Hawks ultra stable pressure sensors will provide the superior data your reservoir engineers will need.

Hydrostatic and Mechanically Integrated Testing (MIT)

The Hawk's stable pressure sensors and PDF reporting for pipeline, vessels and packer isolation tests bring accuracy and accountability to the hydrostatic pressure testing process. Optimized for portable or truck mounted applications the Hawk will simplify your testing procedures.

Production Testing and Flow Proving

Using the Hawk's built-in gas calculation algorithms the Hawk can use industry standard flow measurement sensors such as orifice plate, V-cone or gas turbine. This data can then be directly imported into Testpad, our production test reporting software. By using both it is the perfect tool to increase efficiency, quality and accountability of your production testing.

Low Flow Gas Measurement

The lower the gas rate the harder measurement becomes. Our advanced 270 psia 0.040%FS or +/- 0.11psi (0.744kPa) pressure sensor combined with a low flow turbine or diaphragm meter, allow flow rates down to 0m3/day with better than 2% total flow accuracy.

Precision CO2/N2/Air Flow Measurement

The volumes measured off trucks are notoriously inaccurate. By using a Hawk configured for gas turbine, highly accurate pump rates can be recorded with turndown ratios of 40:1

Drop Spool SRO for Optimizing Bottom Hole Tests

Measuring the pressure at surface while using downhole guages you can determine exactly when an oil well has finished building up. The Hawk's intrinsically safe design requires no explosion proof connections to meet electrical codes, simplifying installations.

Itron Commercial Diaphragm Meters

These meters use proven, time-tested diaphragm meter technology in a 3-chamber design to provide accurate measurement across their respective flow ranges. Long-life and low maintenance are assured by the combination of a self-lapping orbital valve, single convolution diaphragms, and lubrication-free bearings. Attention to design makes them compact and lightweight for their capacity ratings.

Setting the standard

When you combine all of the “A” Series customer-driven features with our tradition for highly accurate meters, it is easy to see why these outstanding meters should have a place in your measurement operation.

Instrumentation Compatible

The “A” Series meters are designed to be fully compatible with all volume and temperature-integrating instruments available today.

Installation

The Easy Turn (ET) design allows 2 to 3 times more wrench swing than the competition — as much as a full 120 degrees for meters mounted directly against a wall — making the Itron 675A, 800A and 1000A ‘ET’ gas meters the easiest to install in North America.

Key Features

  • 3-chamber design
  • Wearless orbital valve
  • One piece, seamless, convoluted diaphragm
  • Lubrication-free bearings
  • EZ-VU Adjustment Port
  • Instrumentation compatible
  • Easy Turn (ET) top option for simple installation
  • Easy handling
  • Lightest 400 & 1000 class meters
  • 400A & 1000A retrofi t into any like-class installation
  • AMR/AMI Compatible

Meets Applicable Standards

  • ANSI B109.1, ANSI B109.2

Product Approvals

  • Industry Canada AG-0298, AG-0385
  • State of New York Department of Public Service 91-G-0507, 96-G-0885

Management Team


Christine Young-Dalling - Operations Manager

Christine has more than 12 years of experience in the well-intel industry with a speciality in production optimisation. Christine trained in Wichita Falls, Texas with Echometer before joining us in a technician role in 2007. Since then, she has been a key member of the Bonnetts family, helping us to identify, grow and develop specialty services - first under the Bonnetts Wireline division and eventually, in fall 2014, as management of our newest division, Bonetts Well-Intel.

CONTACT  780-513-3400 | 780-505-2615 | cyoung@bonnettsenergy.com

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